The Efficacy of Blended Learning in a Pediatric Spine Deformity Management Program in Sub-Saharan Africa

Alaaeldin Azmi Ahmad, Abdallah Abushehab, François Waterkeyn, Beverly Cheserem, Massimo Balsano, Christopher Bonfield, Hamisi Shabani, Juma Magogo, Bryson McHaro, Costansia Bureta, Fabian Sommer, Branden Medary, Ibrahim Hussain, Roger Härtl

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Introduction:Our study assessed the efficacy of blended learning, which combines in-person learning and e-learning, in a pediatric scoliosis training program through an international collaborative effort.Methods:The course comprised two parts: the online portion, where participants reviewed educational materials for 3 weeks and met with faculty once/week for discussion, and the in-person session, where participants reviewed cases in a team-based approach and came to a consensus on treatment strategy, followed by discussion with an international expert. All participants completed a needs assessment (NA) and clinical quiz at three points: before the course, after the online session, and after the in-person session, which covered various topics in pediatric spine deformity.Results:Thirty-six surgeons enrolled in the course from 13 College of Surgeons of East, Central and Southern Africa countries. The NA assessment scores improved significantly over the course of the surveys from 67.3, to 90.9, to 94.0 (P = 0.02). The clinical quiz scores also improved from 9.91, to 11.9, to 12.3 (P = 0.002).Conclusion:The blended learning approach in a pediatric spine deformity program is effective and feasible and shows a statistically significant change in participants' confidence and knowledge base in these complex pathologies. This approach should be explored further with larger numbers and/or other spinal pathologies.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere22.00128
JournalJournal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Global Research and Reviews
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 3 Feb 2023


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