Objective: To determine the frequency of Heparin Induced Thrombocytopenia (HIT) in patients undergoing elective cardiac bypass surgeries and to observe the platelets evolution post surgically in these patients. Method: A prospective study was designed and 100 unselected consecutive patients undergoing elective cardiac bypass surgery were enrolled and evaluated . The clinical and laboratory details were noted before and after surgery. Their platelet counts were observed from day 0 (prior to surgery) to day 5 post operatively. Particle gel immunoassay was used to demonstrate the presence of antibodies against heparin-platelet factor 4 complexes. Results: There were 86 males and 14 females with median age of 59 and 53.5 years respectively. Marked platelet count variation was detected during post operative period in all patients (n=100) ranging from 23 ± SD186.73 to 389 ± 84.12 X 109/L. However, 20 patients showed >50% drop on day 5 and seven of these also showed seroconversion. The clinical scoring for HIT was found to have a good negative predictive value. Thromboembolic complications were not observed in any of our patients. Conclusions: HIT is prevalent to a significant extent in patients after cardiac surgery in our clinical setting though it mostly remains undetected and is an under-diagnosed entity.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||JPMA. The Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association|
|Publication status||Published - Jun 2009|