The implementation of Bachelor's of Science in nursing education in Pakistan

Michele J. Upvall, Shamsah Rehmatullah, Saleema Hashwani, Shehla Khan, Perviz Husain, Rafat Jan

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1 Citation (Scopus)


Currently nursing education at the Aga Khan University in Karachi, Pakistan consists of a 3 year diploma program, a 2 year post-registered nurse (RN) of Bachelor's of Science in Nursing (BScN) completion program and a new 4 year generic Bachelor's of Science in Nursing program. The purpose of this paper is to describe the evaluation process and findings of the newly implemented BScN program. The program is unique, as it is the first and only BScN program throughout Pakistan. Therefore, it has the responsibility of setting the standards for university nursing education for the entire country. Sampling for this qualitative evaluation study included the first class admitted into the BScN program, nursing faculty, and nursing staff involved in clinical experiences of the BScN students. The sample was divided into homogeneous focus groups to elicit the data. Focus groups were audio-taped with results being categorized into themes. Findings from this evaluation study support a typology of learning discussed in the literature related to nursing education. In addition, faculty experiences of implementing the new program mirror those of faculty from other countries.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)221-228
Number of pages8
JournalNursing and Health Sciences
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1999


  • BScN entry level
  • Baccalaureate education
  • Evaluation
  • Focus groups
  • Pakistan


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