The likelihood of having serum level of PSA of ≥4.0 ng/mL and ≥10.0 ng/mL in non-obese and obese Nigerian men with LUTS

Patrick Temi Adegun, Philip Babatunde Adebayo, Samuel Adeniran Atiba

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1 Citation (Scopus)


Objective: This study was undertaken to determine the likelihood of having serum total prostate specific antigen (PSA) levels ≥4.0 ng/mL and ≥10.0 ng/mL among a cohort of non-obese and obese Nigerian men with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). Methods: This was a prospective cross-sectional survey among men who presented with benign prostatic hypertrophy to the urology clinic of the Ekiti State University Teaching Hospital, Ado -Ekiti with LUTS between January 1 and December 31, 2014. One hundred and forty men who presented in the urologic clinic with LUTS were recruited. PSA was analyzed using standard method while other clinical variables were collected using a clinical case form. Multivariate logistic regression was used to estimate the odds of an abnormal PSA of ≥4.0 ng/mL or ≥10.0 ng/mL in these men. Results: The mean ages of obese and non-obese men were 64.8 and 64.0 years respectively. The mean total serum PSA were 14.8 and 13.2 ng/mL for obese and non-obese men respectively. Univariate analysis showed no difference (p < 0.05) in the proportion of obese and non-obese men with LUTS who had a PSA threshold of at least 4.0 ng/mL. Multivariate logistic regression showed that, at a PSA threshold of 10.0 ng/mL, obese men had a statistically significant proportion (p < 0.05). Although not significant, non-obese patients were less likely to have PSA level of ≥4.0 ng/mL (OR 0.701; 95% CI 0.301e1.630) compared to obese men. In the same vein, non-obese men were less likely to have a PSA level of 10.0 ng/mL (OR, 0.686; 95% CI, 0.318e1.478) in a simultaneous context of age. Conclusion: Our study demonstrated that, in a sample population of predominantly native African men, there was a non-significantly higher likelihood of overweight/obese patients having a higher serum PSA level than the non-obese. A community based study is needed to further confirm this finding.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)158-162
Number of pages5
JournalAsian Journal of Urology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • Lower urinary tract symptoms
  • Men
  • Nigeria
  • Obesity
  • Overweight


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