The New Creatinine-Based Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI) 2021 Equation: Potential Impact on Screening for Chronic Kidney Disease in an Asymptomatic Black African Population

Geoffrey Omuse, Daniel Maina, Ahmed Sokwala

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: In 2021, a new Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology (CKD-EPI) Collaboration equation was introduced that excluded race correction. We set out to compare estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) determined using the creatinine-based CKD-EPI 2009 and 2021 equations and the reclassification of chronic kidney disease (CKD) eGFR staging to explore the potential ramifications of adopting the 2021 equation on reported eGFR and CKD staging. Methods: We analyzed secondary data previously utilized to determine reference intervals among Black African individuals residing in urban towns in Kenya. Serum creatinine was measured using a standardized modified JaffCrossed D sign kinetic method on a Beckman AU5800 analyzer. Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) was estimated using both the 2009 and 2021 CKD-EPI creatinine equations. Classification of CKD based on eGFR was performed using the Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) practice guidelines. Results: Using 533 study samples, the median eGFR was highest when determined using the race-corrected CKD-EPI 2009 equation. The CKD-EPI 2021 equation yielded a median eGFR that was similar to the non-race-corrected CKD-EPI 2009 equation. The race-corrected CKD-EPI 2009 equation classified 93.6% of participants into CKD stage G1 compared with 85.6% by the CKD-EPI 2021 equation. The CKD-EPI 2021 equation classified 14.3% of participants into CKD stage G2 compared to 6.4% by the race-corrected CKD-EPI 2009 equation. Conclusions: The CKD-EPI 2021 equation gave a comparable eGFR to the non-race-corrected CKD-EPI 2009 equation and its implementation in laboratories reporting eGFR in Kenya will help in identifying patients with an appropriate decrease in renal function.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)502-511
Number of pages10
JournalThe journal of applied laboratory medicine
Volume9
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2024

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