The underutilization of preventive cardiovascular measures in patients with cancer: An analysis of the Behavioural Risk Factor Surveillance System, 2011-22

Ahmed Sayed, Malak Munir, Daniel Addison, Abdelrahman I. Abushouk, Susan F. Dent, Tomas G. Neilan, Anne Blaes, Michael G. Fradley, Anju Nohria, Khaled Moustafa, Salim S. Virani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aims: This study aimed to characterize the influence of a cancer diagnosis on the use of preventive cardiovascular measures in patients with and without cardiovascular disease (CVD). Methods and results: Data from the Behavioural Risk Factor Surveillance System Survey (spanning 2011-22) were used. Multivariable logistic regression models adjusted for potential confounders were applied to calculate average marginal effects (AME), the average difference in the probability of using a given therapy between patients with and without cancer. Outcomes of interest included the use of pharmacological therapies, physical activity, smoking cessation, and post-CVD rehabilitation. Among 5 012 721 respondents, 579 114 reported a history of CVD (coronary disease or stroke), and 842 221 reported a diagnosis of cancer. The association between cancer and the use of pharmacological therapies varied between those with vs. without CVD (P-value for interaction: <0.001). Among patients with CVD, a cancer diagnosis was associated with a lower use of blood pressure-lowering medications {AME:-1.46% [95% confidence interval (CI):-2.19% to-0.73%]}, lipid-lowering medications [AME:-2.34% (95% CI:-4.03% to-0.66%)], and aspirin [AME:-6.05% (95% CI:-8.88% to-3.23%)]. Among patients without CVD, there were no statistically significant differences between patients with and without cancer regarding pharmacological therapies. Additionally, cancer was associated with a significantly lower likelihood of engaging in physical activity in the overall cohort and in using post-CVD rehabilitation regimens, particularly post-stroke rehabilitation. Conclusion: Preventive pharmacological agents are underutilized in those with cancer and concomitant CVD, and physical activity is underutilized in patients with cancer in those with or without CVD. Lay Summary: •This paper compared the use of preventive cardiovascular measures, both pharmaceutical and non-pharmaceutical, in patients with and without cancer. •In patients with cardiovascular disease and cancer, there is a lower use of preventive cardiovascular medications compared with those with cardiovascular disease but without cancer. This includes a lower utilization of blood pressure-lowering medications, cholesterol-lowering medications, and aspirin.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1325-1332
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Journal of Preventive Cardiology
Volume30
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2023

Keywords

  • Blood pressure
  • Cancer
  • Cardio-oncology
  • Cardiovascular prevention
  • Exercise
  • Lipids

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