The Why and How of Problem-Based Learning?

Khadija Humayun, Sana Saeed, Samiran Nundy, Atul Kakar, Zulfiqar A. Bhutta

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


In 1966, the faculty of medicine at McMaster University started conceptualizing medical education, which subsequently led to the evolution of what is known as ‘The McMaster Philosophy’ [1]. Strong emphasis was placed on the discrete capacities of the student physician rather than having a store of knowledge. Dr. Burrows, at McMaster, explored the reasoning capabilities of both medical students and expert practitioners and found that students learned more effectively through problem situations. In 1969, the learning experiences were transformed from traditional, i.e., fact memorization, to problem-based learning at McMaster University [2].

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHow to Practice Academic Medicine and Publish from Developing Countries? A Practical Guide
PublisherSpringer Nature
Number of pages7
ISBN (Electronic)9789811652486
ISBN (Print)9789811652479
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2021


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