Therapeutic uses of pineapple-extracted bromelain in surgical care — a review

Zehra Abdul Muhammad, Tashfeen Ahmad

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

49 Citations (Scopus)


Bromelain is an extract obtained from the pineapple plant and is used as a traditional folk remedy for several ailments. In this review, a comprehensive electronic database search was carried out to compile available literature on therapeutic implications of bromelain. Pharmaceutical value of bromelain has been demonstrated in different surgical sub-specialties. Diverse biological processes like anti-inflammatory, anti-oedematous, analgesic, anti-thrombotic, exfoliation etc. are involved in bromelain’s therapeutic actions, mediated through the kallikrein-kinin and arachidonic acid pathways as well as through effects on cell mediated immunity. Bromelain equals non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs as an anti-inflammatory agent, but has been shown to have fewer side effects. In Europe it is approved for oral and topical use, mainly for surgical wounds, inflammation due to trauma and surgery, and debridement of deep burns. Literature suggests a promising role of bromelain in surgical care. More clinical trials to establish its utility as an anti-inflammatory agent in surgical care are recommended.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)121-125
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2017


  • Anti-inflammatory
  • Bromelain
  • Debridement
  • Inflammation
  • Pineapple
  • Wound healing


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