Thrombolysis Using Tissue Plasminogen Activator: Experience from a Critical Care Setting

Amna Afzal Saeed, Qalab Abbas, Sidra Ishaque, Bushra Saeed, Anwar ul Haque

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To describe the experience of thrombolysis using tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) in critically ill children admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU), retrospective review of medical records of all children (1 month–16 years), who were admitted in PICU since January 2014 to December 2017 and received systemic tPA for thrombolysis was done. Data was collected on a structured proforma and included thrombus location, tPA dose and duration, outcome (resolution, survival) and complications (bleeding). Total 9 patients (7 males, 2 females) received systemic tPA therapy for thrombolysis with mean age of 74.64 ± 69.58 months. Two patients had thrombus in femoral artery, 3 in IVC and 4 had intra-cardiac thrombosis. Median number of doses was 2 with a range of 1–5 doses. Complete resolution of the clot was noted in all except one patient. A standard starting dose of 0.01 mg/kg/h was used in all patients. Only one patient developed melena after TPA therapy which self-resolved. Systemic tPA therapy was very safe in pediatric critically ill patients and was effective for thrombolysis and did not show any adverse effects in children with varying underlying diagnosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)723-726
Number of pages4
JournalIndian Journal of Hematology and Blood Transfusion
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2018


  • Children
  • Systemic tPA
  • Thrombolysis


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