Total knee replacement: A comparison of the subvastus and medial parapatellar approaches

Mohammad Noah Hasan Khan, Kashif Abbas, Ahmad Faraz, Muhammad Waqas Ilyas, Hassan shafique, Muhammad Hamzah Jamshed, Pervaiz Hashmi

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Objective: The goal of this study is to compare the subvastus method to the usual medial parapatellar technique for total knee replacement in patients with osteoarthritis who present to a tertiary care centre, based on quadriceps function recovery in days after surgery. Materials and methods: We retrospectively reviewed case notes of 76 patients with osteoarthritis who had total knee replacements in a tertiary care hospital over the course of a year from August 2019 to August 2020. We divided them into two groups: group A received TKR via the subvastus approach, and group B received TKR via the medial parapatellar approach. Preoperative quadriceps strength, BMI, and baseline demographics were all recorded from their initial pre-operative workup case notes. Starting on the first postoperative day, patients recorded first unassisted straight leg raise (SLR) was kept as the main determinant for muscle function. The data were evaluated to determine the quadriceps muscle function post TKR. Results: When compared to the medial parapatellar approach, the quadriceps muscle function returns sooner with the subvastus technique. Patients in their sixties showed the highest improvement. Preoperative quadriceps strength has a major impact on muscle recovery after surgery. Conclusion: The subvastus method to total knee replacement is linked to a faster recovery of quadriceps muscle strength, resulting in a shorter hospital stay and postoperative therapy.

Original languageEnglish
Article number102670
JournalAnnals of Medicine and Surgery
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • Medial parapatellar approach
  • SLR
  • Subvastus
  • Total knee replacement


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