Transfusion strategies in bleeding critically ill adults: a clinical practice guideline from the European Society of Intensive Care Medicine

Alexander P.J. Vlaar, Joanna C. Dionne, Sanne de Bruin, Marije Wijnberge, S. Jorinde Raasveld, Frank E.H.P. van Baarle, Massimo Antonelli, Cecile Aubron, Jacques Duranteau, Nicole P. Juffermans, Jens Meier, Gavin J. Murphy, Riccardo Abbasciano, Marcella C.A. Müller, Marcus Lance, Nathan D. Nielsen, Herbert Schöchl, Beverley J. Hunt, Maurizio Cecconi, Simon Oczkowski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: To develop evidence-based clinical practice recommendations regarding transfusion practices and transfusion in bleeding critically ill adults. Methods: A taskforce involving 15 international experts and 2 methodologists used the GRADE approach to guideline development. The taskforce addressed three main topics: transfusion support in massively and non-massively bleeding critically ill patients (transfusion ratios, blood products, and point of care testing) and the use of tranexamic acid. The panel developed and answered structured guideline questions using population, intervention, comparison, and outcomes (PICO) format. Results: The taskforce generated 26 clinical practice recommendations (2 strong recommendations, 13 conditional recommendations, 11 no recommendation), and identified 10 PICOs with insufficient evidence to make a recommendation. Conclusions: This clinical practice guideline provides evidence-based recommendations for the management of massively and non-massively bleeding critically ill adult patients and identifies areas where further research is needed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1368-1392
Number of pages25
JournalIntensive Care Medicine
Volume47
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Bleeding
  • Coagulopathy
  • Critically ill
  • Guideline
  • Intensive care
  • Plasma
  • Platelets
  • Point of care
  • Red blood cells
  • Tranexamic acid
  • Transfusion

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