Unraveling the Genetic Associations of DENND1A (rs9696009) and ERBB4 (rs2178575) with Infertile Polycystic Ovary Syndrome Females in Pakistan

Zainab Hanif Samma, Haq Nawaz Khan, Sumaira Riffat, Mussarat Ashraf, Rehana Rehman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is a complex genetic disorder in reproductive-aged women which is associated with comorbidities of reproductive, metabolic, cardiovascular, endocrine, and psychological nature. PCOS is the most common cause of anovulatory infertility. Pathogenesis of PCOS involves strong interaction between environmental and genetic factors. Many Single-Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) have been associated with PCOS in different populations. Currently, very limited association studies of PCOS and infertility have been done on Pakistani population. The variants DENND1A rs9696009 and ERBB4 rs2178575 are significantly associated with PCOS in Chinese and European populations. These candidate genes regulate the production of androgen hormone, Anti-Mullerian Hormone (AMH), and luteinizing hormone. All these hormones are involved pathogenesis of PCOS and infertility. The aim of the study is to find an association of DENND1A rs9696009 and ERBB4 rs2178575 variants with PCOS in infertile Pakistani females. In this case–control study, 300 infertile females were recruited. The cases (n = 160) were infertile female diagnosed with PCOS (Rotterdam Criteria), and controls (n = 140) were infertile women with no evidence of PCOS. The genomic DNA was isolated, and genotyping was done by PCR-Restriction fragment length polymorphism and further validated by DNA Sanger Sequencing. The Chi-Square analysis showed rs2178575 (ERBB4) was significantly associated with infertility (χ2 = 10.282, p = 0.005852) while rs9696009 (DENND1A) did not show any significant association (χ2 = 3.10, p = 0.212036). Furthermore, multinomial logistic regression analysis was performed and revealed that rs2178575 (ERBB4) heterozygous genotypes (GA) and mutant genotypes (AA) decrease the risk of infertility by 0.541 times (OR = 0.541, 95% CI = 0.314–0.930, p = 0.026) and 0.416 times (OR = 0.416, 95% CI = 0.228–0.757, p = 0.004), respectively, compared to wild-type genotype (GG). The ERBB4 variant is significantly associated with PCOS infertile women and genetically indicated that ERBB4 (rs2178575) decreases the risk of infertility in females having PCOS.

Original languageEnglish
JournalBiochemical Genetics
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2023


  • DENND1A (rs9696009)
  • ERBB4 (rs2178575)
  • Infertility
  • Pakistan
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome


Dive into the research topics of 'Unraveling the Genetic Associations of DENND1A (rs9696009) and ERBB4 (rs2178575) with Infertile Polycystic Ovary Syndrome Females in Pakistan'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this