Use of a criteria-based audit to optimize uptake of cesarean delivery in a low-resource setting

Andrew H. Mgaya, Hussein L. Kidanto, Lennarth Nyström, Birgitta Essén

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective: To evaluate the impact of a criteria-based audit (CBA) of obstructed labor and fetal distress on cesarean delivery and perinatal outcomes. Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed at a tertiary referral hospital in Tanzania. Data were collected before and after CBA (January 2013–November 2013 and July 2015–June 2016). Outcomes of fetal distress (baseline CBA, n=248; re-audit, n=251) and obstructed labor (baseline CBA, n=260; re-audit n=250) were assessed using a checklist. Additionally, 27 960 parturients were assessed using the Robson classification. Results: Perinatal morbidity and mortality decreased from 42 of 260 (16.2%) to 22 of 250 (8.8%) among patients with obstructed labor after CBA (P=0.012). Cesarean delivery rate decreased for referred term multiparas with induced labor or prelabor cesarean delivery (odds ratio [OR] 0.28, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.09–0.82). Cesarean delivery rate for preterm pregnancies increased among both referred (OR 1.28, 95% CI 1.02–1.63) and non-referred (OR 2.78, 95% CI 1.98–3.90) groups. Neonatal distress rate decreased for referred term multiparas (OR 0.72, 95% CI 0.56–0.92), referred preterm pregnancies (OR 0.32, 95% CI 0.25–0.39), and non-referred preterm pregnancies (OR 0.26, 95% CI 0.18–0.36). Conclusion: Use of CBA reduced poor perinatal outcomes of obstructed labor and increased uptake of cesarean delivery.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)199-209
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • Cesarean delivery
  • Criteria-based audit
  • Fetal distress
  • Low-resource setting
  • Obstructed labor
  • Robson classification


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