Use of simulation based technology in pre-clinical years improves confidence and satisfaction among medical students

Muhammad Bilal Mirza, Anjiya Sulaiman, Satwat Hashmi, Samar Zaki, Rehana Rehman, Rozmeen Akbar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Objective: To determine perception of medical students about learning from integrated simulated clinical skill sessions as part of the undergraduate curriculum. Method: The cross-sectional study was conducted at the Centre for Innovation in Medical Education, Aga Khan University (AKU), Karachi, from July 2018 to February 2019, and comprised first year medical students undertaking the Respiration and Circulation module of the curriculum. Quantitative data was collected using a questionnaire and the responses were assessed on a five-point Likert scale. Data was analysed using SPSS 21. Qualitative data was gathered through focused group discussion with students and an in-depth interview with the facilitator conducting the sessions. The data was subjected to thematic analyses. Results: Of the 161 subjects, 71(44%) participated in the session I and 90(56%) in the session II. Altogether 68(96%) students in session I and 81(90%) in session II believed integrated sessions to be effective in achieving learning objectives, and 65(92%) in session I and 79(88 %) in session II found them motivating, while 61(86%) in session I and 76(84%) in session II expressed the confidence that they had accomplished learning objectives and felt they had learned practical clinical skills; session I, 59(84%), session II, 73(81%). Qualitative analysis revealed that these sessions enhanced understanding of the subject matter and student engagement. Conclusion: Integrated clinical skills sessions improved students' interest, engagement and confidence. It should be implemented in undergraduate medical teaching curriculum.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1296-1302
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2021


  • Clinical skills
  • Confidence
  • Pre-clinical years
  • Satisfaction
  • Simulation


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