Background: Due to a growing reliance on mobile phone technology and decreasing mobile phone costs, the use of mobile phones is on the rise, especially among the youth population. Young people are responsive and enthusiastic to use novel approaches such as mHealth to access sexual and reproductive health information and services. Globally, reproductive health programs have used mHealth to provide sexual and reproductive health education and services to young people, through diverse communication channels. However, few attempts have been made to systematically review the mHealth programs for young people sexual and reproductive health (SRH) in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). In addition, very little is known regarding the potential barriers and facilitators to the uptake of mobile phone interventions for improving young people SRH. This review aims to highlight facilitators and inhibitors to implementing and increasing uptake of mHealth interventions for young people's SRH, in LMICs specifically. Additionally, the review will identify the range of mHealth solutions which can be used for improving young people's SRH in LMICs. Methods: The review will focus on comparing the various types of mHealth interventions/strategies that are used to improve young people's SRH services in LMICs. PubMed, CINAHL Plus, Science Direct, Cochrane, and gray literature will be explored using a detailed search strategy. The studies involving young people (adolescents and youth) aged 10-24 years to which mHealth interventions were delivered for improving their SRH outcomes will be included in this review. LMICs will be selected according to the World Bank's (WB) 2018 Country Classification list. Studies published between January 2005 and March 2018 will be included as the field of mHealth has emerged over the last decade. English language articles will be included as the authors are proficient in this language. Discussion: The systematic review will assist researchers and SRH professionals in understanding facilitators and barriers to implementing and increasing the uptake of mHealth interventions for SRH in LMICs. Finally, this review will provide more detailed information about embracing the use of mobile phones at different levels of the healthcare system for improving young people's SRH outcomes.
- Low- and middle-income countries
- Mobile phones
- Systematic review
- Young people sexual & reproductive health