Background: Multiple clinical trials have demonstrated significant cardiovascular benefit with use of sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 (SGLT2) inhibitors in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and heart failure (HF) irrespective of ejection fraction. There are limited data evaluating real-world prescription and practice patterns of SGLT2 inhibitors. Objectives: The authors sought to assess utilization rates and facility-level variation in the use among patients with established atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD), HF, and T2DM using data from the nationwide Veterans Affairs health care system. Methods: The authors included patients with established ASCVD, HF, and T2DM seen by a primary care provider between January 1, 2020, and December 31, 2020. They assessed the use of SGLT2 inhibitors and the facility-level variation in their use. Facility-level variation was computed using median rate ratios, a measure of likelihood that 2 random facilities differ in use of SGLT2 inhibitors. Results: Among 105,799 patients with ASCVD, HF, and T2DM across 130 Veterans Affairs facilities, 14.6% received SGLT2 inhibitors. Patients receiving SGLT2 inhibitors were younger men with higher hemoglobin A1c and estimated glomerular filtration rate and were more likely to have HF with reduced ejection fraction and ischemic heart disease. There was significant facility-level variation of SGLT2 inhibitor use, with an adjusted median rate ratio of 1.55 (95% CI: 1.46-1.64), indicating a 55% residual difference in SGLT2 inhibitor use among similar patients with ASCVD, HF, and T2DM receiving care at 2 random facilities. Conclusions: Utilization rates of SGLT2 inhibitors are low in patients with ASCVD, HF, and T2DM, with high residual facility-level variation. These findings suggest opportunities to optimize SGLT2 inhibitor use to prevent future adverse cardiovascular events.
- SGLT2 inhibitors
- atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease
- heart failure
- type 2 diabetes