Objective: To study the sensitivity and specificity of Siriraj Stroke Scoring (SSS) and to validate the accuracy of SSS in acute supratentorial stroke syndromes. Design: Noninterventional descriptive study. Place and Duration of Study: Department of Neurology, Pakistan Institute Of Medical Sciences, Islamabad, and Department of Medicine, Federal Government Services Hospital, Islamabad, from July to December 2000 and February to July 2002, respectively. Subjects and Methods: One hundred (100) consecutive cases of acute supratentorial strokes were studied in accordance with SSS and sensitivity and specificity of SSS for supratentorial infarction and haemorrhage was tested against the computerised brain scanning (CT) as a gold standard. Siriraj Stroke Scoring was applied. Patients with subarachnoid haemorrhage and transient ischemic attacks were excluded from the study. The findings were recorded, compared and statistically analyzed. Results: Out of 100 patients 45 were male and 55 female with mean age of 59 years. Sixty-two patients had hypertension, 36 patients had one or more atheroma markers (diabetes, coronary artery disease and claudication). Mean diastolic blood pressure was 98 mmHg with range of 60-140 mmHg and mean systolic blood pressure of 163 mmHg with the range of 90-240 mmHg. Forty-eight patients had cerebral infarction, 36 had cerebral hemorrhage while 16 were borderline cases on the basis of Siriraj stroke scoring. CT brain showed 56 and 39 patients had cerebral infarction and haemorrhage respectively while 5 of CT scans were normal. The sensitivity and specificity of SSS for cerebral infarction was 71 and 85 respectively and for intracerebral haemorrhage, it was 73 and 90 respectively. The positive predictive values of SSS for cerebral infarction and haemorrhage were 87% and 83 respectively. Conclusion: The siriraj stroke scoring system is a valid and specific scoring system for the diagnosis of acute supratentorial stroke and intracerebral haemorrhage.
|Number of pages||3|
|Journal||Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons--Pakistan : JCPSP|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jul 2003|
- Cerebral infarction
- Intracerebral haemorrhage
- Siriraj stroke score
- Supratentorial stroke