WCN24-2067 Regional differences in acute kidney injury in Ugandan children hospitalized for Hypoxemia

Anthony Batte, Rodney Ogwang, Robert Opoka, Sophie Namasopo, Michael Hawkes, Andrea Conroy

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Introduction: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is associated with increased mortality in hospitalized patients and incidence is highest in resource limited settings. The objective of this study was to assess sub-National regional differences in the incidence of AKI in children

Methods: This was a secondary analysis of a stepped wedge cluster randomized controlled trial, which enrolled children

Results: 1452 children were included in this AKI sub-study (Figure 1). The mean age of participants was 1.49 years (standard deviation (SD), 1.21) and 55.7% were male (809/1452). Overall 2.6% of children died (38/1452). The majority of participants enrolled were from the West (31.3%) followed by the East (25.3%), North (24.1%), and Central (19.4%) regions. In general, 48.5% of children had AKI (240/495), the prevalence was highest in Eastern Uganda with 62.4% of children having AKI compared to 25.0% of children in Western Uganda, 44% in Central region and 53% in Northern region (p

Conclusions: As we move towards the ISN 0by25 initiative which aims to eliminate preventable deaths from AKI worldwide by 2025. This study provides key in-country data from a resource limited setting, demonstrating marked regional differences in the incidence of AKI in children hospitalized with hypoxaemia and malaria remains an important predictor of AKI. The substantial within-country heterogeneity of AKI highlights the need for further studies to evaluate regional contributors to local patterns of AKI.

Original languageUndefined/Unknown
JournalPaediatrics and Child Health, East Africa
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2024

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