Intellectual disability (ID) is a condition of significant limitation of cognitive functioning and adaptive behavior, with 50% of etiology attributed to genetic predisposition. We recruited two consanguineous Pakistani families manifesting severe ID and developmental delay. The probands were subjected to whole exome sequencing (WES) and variants were further prioritized based on population frequency, predicted pathogenicity and functional relevance. The WES data analysis identified homozygous pathogenic variants in genes MBOAT7 and TRAPPC9. The pathogenicity of the variants was supported by co-segregation analysis and in silico tool. The findings of this study expand mutation spectrum and provide additional evidence to the role of MBOAT7 and TRAPPC9 in causation of ID.
- intellectual disability
- whole-exome sequencing