Purpose of Review: Statins inhibit the enzyme 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductase in the liver and reduce atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) risk by enhancing low-density lipoprotein (LDL) clearance from the circulation. In this review, we discuss their efficacy, safety, and real-world utilization to make a case for reclassifying statins as nonprescription over-the-counter drugs to improve access and availability with the overarching goal of increasing statin utilization in patients most likely to benefit from this class of therapy. Recent Findings: Statin efficacy for reducing risk in primary and secondary ASCVD prevention populations as well as their safety and tolerability has been thoroughly investigated in large-scale clinical trials over the past 3 decades. Despite the overwhelming scientific evidence, statins are underutilized even among those at the highest ASCVD risk. Summary: We propose a nuanced approach to use statins as nonprescription drugs that leverages a multi-disciplinary clinical model. It integrates lessons learned from experiences outside the USA with a proposed Food and Drug Administration rule change that allows nonprescription drug products with an additional condition for nonprescription use.
- Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA reductase inhibitors
- Nonprescription drugs
- Primary prevention
- Secondary prevention